Crowd sourcing in design, fine art, movie and music has been used in a massive number. The remix culture has dominated the 2000s and has became the way of producing creative, artistic and communicative products. It has been a common thing to mix, collage or mash-up. In creative process, remix taking a big part. Artists not only take influences from their surrounding environment, but also from another artists.

In music industry, we can find numerous works that based on another works. This made possible with the support of digital technology. There are possibilities doing a “copy, paste, edit and combine” because of the existing technology. Remix done by taking samples from existing materials to combine them into new forms according to personal taste. (

In the movie industry, a lot of movie creators taking influence from another creators or another movies. For example the Wachowski brothers created The Matrix trilogy (1999-2003) with heavy influences of Japanese anime Ghost in the Shell (1995) and Akira (1988). One of them actually said “I wanna do that for real” while Mamoru Oshii, who directed Ghost in the Shell showed the movie to the Wachowski brothers. (

What’s become more interesting is that Ghost in the Shell too has influenced by another movie, Blade Runner. (

In the other hand, there is a term, “Appropriation” beside remix. But in the contrary “Appropriation” done very little transformation from the original work, or even sometimes, no transformation at all. As an example, a work titled “Fountain” by Marcel Duchamp. He simply put an urinal on a pedestal and signed “R. Mutt 1917” on it.

As remix become more and more known and used, one question I would like to ask. Are there any works recognized as original? But then again, I think the question should be, “what is original??”

Please, share your thoughts in the comment 🙂


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