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Not all children learn the same way. There are several individual learning styles that describe the ways in which individual children acquire information, evaluate it, and then examine their finding. Understand learning styles helps to attract children interest and then absorb information provided.
According to Silver, Strong, and Perini (1997), there are 4 learning styles, which are:
- Mastery style learners, who absorb information concretely step by step. They value practicality and clarity.
- Understanding learners, who work with ideas and abstraction using methods of questioning and reasoning. They value logic and evidence.
- Self-expressive learners, who learn through feeling and seeing images in materials. Children who are in this style value originality.
- Interpersonal learners, who work with others using concrete ideas that should result social value. These children are the future humanitarians or volunteers.
Learning-styles-online.com, however, stated that there are 7 different learning styles. These learning styles are:
- Visual (Spatial) who learn best through pictures, images, and spatial understanding
- Aural (Auditory) who learn best through sound and music
- Verbal (Linguistic) who learn best through words, verbal and/or written
- Physical (Kinesthetic) who learn best through experience and rely on the senses (hand and sense of touch)
- Logical (Mathematical) who learn best through logic and reasoning
- Social (Interpersonal) who learn best through group interaction
- Solitary (Intrapersonal) who learn best through self-study
Moreover, Pendergrass (2014), stated that it is important to understand that many children learn well from a blend of learning styles.
UC Davis Children Hospital issued an interesting article on their Great Information series that correlate learning with playing. They assumed that children could learn through play. It helps a healthy growth and development of children. Through play children learn how to solve problems, to build social relationship with others, and to develop motor skills needed.
These are the benefits of play according to UC Davis Children Hospital:
- Develop physical skills. It is understood that fine motor skills are developed as children handle small toys.
- Develop cognitive concepts. Children learn to solve problems through play. Children also learn colors, numbers, size and shapes.
- Develop language skills. As the children interact with other while they are playing, they will develop their language skills
- Develop social skills. Children learn the rules of society while playing. They cooperate, negotiate, take turns and play by the rules.
However, appropriate devices to play are depending on the age of the children. At school age, 6 to 10 years old, when children curious of new information, experiences, challenges, and extremely social, they would prefer group activity items such as sports equipment, bicycle and helmet, roller skates with protective gear, books, simple model and craft kits, board games, coordination or memory games, and building and construction sets.